Spectacular Ancient Theatres of Greek and Roman Antiquity
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Some of the best-preserved and most amazing ancient theatres of Greek and Roman antiquity.
Roman Theater at Sabratha, Libya
Theatre, capacity of 5,000 people, was constructed of local sandstone with covering and ornamentation of stucco. The whole stage structure was protected by a ceiling sloping down toward the back, supported by wooden beams.
Roman theatre in Palmyra, Syria, II century AD.
Aspendos Theater, Antalya, Turkey
The theatre in Aspendos is considered to be the best-preserved theatre of antiquity. The Roman builders of this structure managed to express the state of ideal balance between the auditorium and the skene building and, what’s more, the whole theatre matches perfectly into the landscape.
Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus, Greece
The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus, Peloponnese: The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus is regarded as the best preserved ancient theatre in Greece in terms of its perfect acoustics and fine structure. It was constructed in the late 4th century BC and it was finalized in two stages. Originally the theatre had 34 rows of seats divided into 34 blocks by stairs and walkways.
Ephesus Theatre, Izmir, Turkey
At an estimated 25,000 seating capacity, the theatre is believed to be the largest in the ancient world.
The Ancient Greek theater of Taormina
The Ancient Greek theater of Taormina built in the third century B.C.
The theater is divided into three parts: the scene, the orchestra, and the auditorium. The stage, which is in front of the auditorium, is the place where the actors played According to the experts’ reconstruction, this part was decorated with two rows of columns, one on top of the other. The stage has also three large arched openings at a symmetric distance from each other, and six niches placed three on the right and three on the left of the central arch. On the stage, there are the remains of six column bases and four Corinthian columns that were raised after 1860.
The Pergamon Ancient Theater
The Pergamon Ancient Theater is the world’s steepest theatre with an angle of about 70 degrees. The Hellenistic theatre is said to have had seating capacity of 10,000 and the cavea (seating area) was the steepest in the ancient world.
The magnificent Hellenistic theatre at Pergamon is the centerpiece of the acropolis of the ancient city, which is located just north of the modern-day town of Bergama on Turkey’s northern Aegean coast.
It is thought that it was built in the 3rd century BC, during the time of King Eumenes-II, and some additions were made during the Roman period. Researches show that there is another theater built before in the same place of this theater. Some of the wall remains from the old theater that was built can still be seen today.
There are 80 steps from the top to the stage and its height from the stage to the top is 36 meters. The lower part of the theater consists of seven pieces with neatly made staircases with a width of 74 cm so that the audience can easily enter and exit their seats; the upper parts are divided into six parts.
In the lower row of the lowest section, in the middle area facing the orchestra, there is a royal lodge made of marble. In the Hellenistic Age, there was a stage consisting of a wooden platform that could be disassembled and removed, and a stage building that was easily dismantled and removed.